All the emergency and disaster preparedness in the world means nothing if you don’t know the basics of survival skills like building an emergency shelter!
Emergency Shelter | A Step-By-Step Guide
Learn This Survival Skill and Never Be Without Shelter!
1. The first thing you will need is a ridge pole. Your pole should be very sturdy and as long as your height, plus your arm extended in the air.
2. Prop the ridge pole up on one end to give your feet extra room. You may also prop it on the ground, although not giving the pole the additional height creates a triangle with the ground that reduces your foot space.
3. Lay down on the ground and measure how long your ridge pole needs to be and mark out where your body is. It’s important to create a shelter that is the right size for you. You need to be able to fit in the shelter without having too much extra space. This is especially important when you’re stuck out in the cold. Your shelter needs to be small enough that your body temperature can heat the space and keep you nice and warm.
4. If the space inside is just enough, and there is not much room to move around, you did it right!
5. You will also need some Y-sticks to prop up the ridgepole at the other end. Make sure the Y-sticks are really solid and grounded – this is your framework. If you push your weight down on the Y-sticks and it falls over, you’ll need to find sturdier sticks.
6. The next thing you need to do is insulate yourself from the ground. Avoiding direct contact with the ground will help you maintain a more comfortable body temperature.
7. Leaves serve as a great insulator, but you will want to put them in before you build up the rest of the shelter.
8. Keep in mind that the leaves are going to compress. Make sure the compressed material beneath you is at least four fingers deep.
9. Now you need to add ribs to your debris shelter, which will provide structure on the sides and will give support to the leaves that will go on top.
10. Your ribs should be strong. Dead branches should work okay as long as they do not break or crumble. There will not be a ton of weight on the ribs, but the stronger the branches the smaller the chance that your shelter will fall apart.
11. You also want them to be fairly close together and not to extend very high above the ridge pole. If it rains and the ribs are too tall, water will penetrate the leaves and run inside the shelter. If the ribs are roughly the same height as the ridge pole, water will run down the sides.
12. The ribs do not necessarily have to be identical in size. As the triangular shape gets smaller towards the other end, shorter branches will fit in perfectly. If you come across a log with a large bend, make sure the curve stays on the outside. If the bend falls to the inside, it will take up a lot of space inside your shelter.
13. To prevent the leaves from falling off of your shelter, place smaller branches with the ends pointing up to help support the leaves.
14. Once you are finished with the ribs and lattice, you may add the leaves on top to insulate the shelter and help capture the body heat escaping from you.
15. Leaving the entrance open will allow heat to escape. A great option is to create a doorway and close it off as much as possible to reduce the amount of heat escaping. This will also allow you to build the leaves up and over the doorway.
16. To construct the door, gather four Y-sticks and create a framework on either side of the entrance. The purpose of the doorway is to reduce the size of the opening, so place them where there is just enough room for you to wiggle your way inside.
17. Once the Y-sticks are grounded, put sticks across the top and along the sides to finish off the frame.
18. Now you can add the last bit of leaves around the doorway. Be sure to start building from the bottom and work your way upward to prevent leaves from falling through.
19. When you have finished constructing the debris hut, crawl inside on your back, feet-first, and you’ll be all set in your shelter!
Watch this video by NorwegianBushcraft for another great idea on building an emergency shelter specifically during the winter time:
Our friend Dave Scott, who you may know from the Bushmaster Bible, is back again to teach you the best tips for your survival arsenal. Through his time as an instructor at the Earth Native Wilderness Survival School, Dave has become an expert on all things survival. We hope you enjoyed this post stuffed with his awesome tips to build an emergency preparedness survival shelter, which you can build with nothing more than what you can find in nature.
What do you think of this tutorial on building a DIY emergency shelter? Do you have other ideas on making temporary emergency shelters? Share your thoughts in the comments section below!
Up Next: DIY Super Shelter: Live Like a King in the Outdoors
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on May 9, 2014, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
Bolt cutters can be one of the handiest tools for emergency situations. Find out how to utilize this device in saving lives and slicing through tough metal casings.
A lot of preppers think their bug out gear lists still need beefing up. If you’re one of them, I strongly suggest including a bolt cutter as one of your primary equipment. You may need to cut through hard metal objects in an emergency situation and there’s no better tool to use than bolt cutters. Needless to say, it can also help you get through chain-link fences in an SHTF scenario. This item is a must, especially for urban preppers.
Bolt Cutters | Emergency Scenarios to Use Them For
1. Forgetting the Combination to Your Bike Guard
This isn’t something you experience every day. But in case you forgot the combination to your bike guard, you can use a bolt cutter to cut it. Thieves actually use this tool to steal bikes; it’s unfortunate crooks find them useful as well.
2. Lost the Key to the Padlock
We all have tons of keys in our house and sometimes, we lose track of them. Let’s say you can’t find the key to your basement. Simply grab the bolt or lock cutter in the trunk of your car, and cut through the padlock to get you in.
3. Getting Stuck Under the Steering Wheel
When car accidents happen, the driver usually gets stuck in a head-on collision. The steering wheel is pushed against the driver’s chest, trapping him. In this case, a bolt cutter is a very useful tool to cut some parts of the steering wheel. This can be the first move to rescue someone stuck in the driver’s seat.
4. Opening the Car Door Wider During Accidents
Still on the subject of car accidents, the steering wheel is not the only part of the car a bolt cutter can handle. In certain scenarios, it’s not advisable to move a severely injured victim. The car door must open as wide as possible to move the victim. In this case, you can cut the door check with a bolt cutter so the car door can open wider.
5. Cutting Through Chain-Link Fences
Hopefully, you don’t have to use a bolt cutter to do this. You can only imagine the chain-link fences you have to go through in urban areas considering an SHTF situation. You can see how they use a bolt cutter to cut through a chain-link fence in movies. Although it’s not advisable to believe everything you see in films, this part is actually true.
Watch this short video by Ezvid Wiki on five fast facts about bolt cutters:
These are just a few ways a heavy duty bolt cutter can be used in an emergency situation. It depends on a given scenario, but most of the time, the situation is similar to the other. It cuts through padlocks, nails, metal fences, and so on, so having a bolt cutter ready somewhere within your reach might just save the day.
What can you say about these emergency uses for bolt cutters? Share your thoughts in the comments section below!
Up Next: Survival Emergency Car Kit | The DIY Kit That Could Save Your Life
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Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on November 27, 2017, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
Everyone should have an emergency survival kit on hand in case of an SHTF situation. Because making these survival kits is so popular, there are all different kinds of lists and types of kits out there you can create.
The problem is fitting everything you need to survive in an emergency kit that is still easy to grab if you need to get out of dodge.
Use our trash can emergency survival kit list and tips to strike the perfect balance between having all of your necessities and still staying portably prepared.
Emergency Survival Kit and Supplies in a Trash Can!
Start with Your Container
A large trash can works nicely for this kit. It’s large enough to fit everything you need but portable enough that you can take it with you in the event that you need to leave your home in an emergency situation. I would recommend one in a heavy plastic. You want it lightweight and rugged at the same time. There are some metal cans that might work, but with plastic, you never need to worry about rust or corrosion.
You’ll want a lid that snaps securely into place so that in the event that you’d need to transport your kit. all of your supplies will stay safely inside. Imagine loading your kit up in a truck bed only to take a sharp turn, spilling the contents of your trashcan. Not only could you lose items, but you could also do some serious damage jostling your supplies around like that. Keep a lid firmly on your can and avoid this hassle.
What You’ll Need In Your Emergency Survival Kit Checklist:
1. Food and Water
You should have a 3-day supply of food and water. You’ll want one gallon of water per person per day. You don’t want to be stuck without enough water. Especially in a situation where you may have to be exerting yourself physically more than usual.
For food, you’ll want to stick with non-perishables. I recommend canned food as they last a long time and are very convenient. As far as what to get, that’s up to your tastes. Just be sure to get plenty of proteins and nutrient-rich foods to keep your body fueled up. Obviously, you’ll be needing a can opener as well. Consider the dietary restrictions and needs of those in your group when creating this list.
2. First Aid Kit
You’ll want a standard first aid kit that has everything you need to sanitize and mend all sorts of wounds. Pack up your favorite bandages, antibiotic ointment, gauze, and anything else you like to use to fix up nicks and scratches.
You’ll also want to add sunscreen to this kit, as well as some other medications. Pain reliever, antacid, laxatives, and anti-diarrhea medication should all be in your kit.
A first aid reference book would also be a great thing to keep on hand in case of an emergency.
3. Survival Tools and Gears
You’ll need some extra items in your kit as well for practical purposes. Add these tools and you should be set!
This is another portion of the list that takes some thinking. Where will you likely be? What will your days look like? What will you need? Consider these things and add whatever else you’ll require to your survival kit.
4. Sanitation Essentials
Toilet paper, soap, personal hygiene items, detergent, bleach, and trash bags should also be in your kit.
This depends highly on where you’ll be in the survival situation and what time of year it is. You won’t need a parka in Florida and you won’t need rain gear in Arizona. Go with your best judgment when it comes to what to pack for clothes and bedding.
You’ll definitely need a change of clothes for all of those in your group and enough bedding to keep everyone comfortable in your climate.
6. Extra Essentials
Consider who will be in your group in a survival situation. Consider the ones with special needs when planning for your emergency survival kit. Think about what each person in your party needs to live on for several days. Thinking about the individuals rather than the group could help you remember some important items you’d otherwise forget.
Some examples of these special items:
Eyeglasses and contacts
Baby formula, diapers, etc.
Pet food, etc.
Packing Your Supplies
Start with the water, placing your containers at the very bottom of your kit. This keeps the rest of your supplies safe from water damage in the event of one of your bottles springing a leak.
From there, you go from heavy to light with your items. The heaviest, least breakable items should go on top of your water. Don’t put anything too sharp that might puncture the containers and avoid putting anything that might rust too close to the water. Hopefully, you’ll have no broken containers, but just in case, keep your metal away if at all possible.
Moving towards the top of your container, you should be adding lighter and lighter things, saving the most delicate for the top. Be careful not to break your delicate things when putting the top on your trashcan. Keep your extra shoes/clothes on top for easy access in the event of needing to quickly change attire for travel.
For the full article, click here.
Learn how to build a survival kit in this video from Black Scout Survival:
This emergency survival kit should work perfectly for long-storage and for floods or hurricanes. For last minute preparations, you can just easily throw stuff you need into the bin and secure it fast.
How is this information helping out in your emergency survival kit planning? Do you have anything else to add? We’re eager to see your ideas in the comments section below!
Up Next: 377 Survival Hacks And Skills You Should Know
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Disclaimer: The contents of this article are for informational purposes only. Please read our full disclaimer.
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on April 14, 2014, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
One of the most important things to consider in emergency lighting is how long the light will last. There are two issues here. One is the design of the light bulb itself. The other is how long the batteries energizing the light will last. Of course, for those times when home emergency lights do run out, it’s always a great idea to have a backup on hand.
Emergency Lighting | Good-to-Know Facts
In This Article:
Emergency Lighting: How Long Will It Last?
Electrical light bulbs, fluorescent light tubes, and LEDs can last for thousands of hours. Below is a table comparing the operating lifetimes of various emergency lighting sources, showing how long each should last.
If you have electrical power, these lights should last for the hours shown in Table 1.
Emergency Lighting and Battery Power
If you’re using battery-powered flashlights or lanterns, the number of hours you can get out of fresh batteries becomes important. Here are some interesting facts concerning the emergency lights battery.
You can determine the battery’s capacity by the hours it can put out electrical current (amps or milliamps)—based on the DC voltage remaining in the battery. As shown in Table 2, batteries are rated in the amp-hours (or milliamp hours) of energy they can produce.
An AAA alkaline battery rated at 1,200 mAH and driving a 120 milliamp load can last 10 hours.
When you turn on your flashlight, it draws electricity (actually milliamps) from the battery. As the battery power is used, a point is reached where the battery does not contain enough DC energy to produce the milliamps of current necessary to drive the light source. This when the light goes out. How long before this happens?
Just because a battery contains a lot of amp-hours of stored energy, this does not mean that the battery as a power source will last a long time. It depends on how much current the battery can draw to energize a bulb in the flashlight. For continuous light during a power outage, it’s important to know how long a particular battery (or series of batteries) will last in a dark room. Researching online provided several data points to help me create Table 3 comparing battery manufacturer battery types and how long their battery products could power a load (e.g. bulb).
Approximate Battery Life
How long a battery lasts depends on the load put on the battery—how much energy comes from the battery. A tiny bulb with the metal electrical conduction path in a flashlight is an example of a load.
In a quality flashlight, a D-size battery will last 10 to 15 hours. In a cheap flashlight, it may only last 8 hours.
Most D-cell batteries last longer than AA-size batteries. Draw half an amp out of a D-cell and it will discharge in 4 hours.
If a 9V battery is rated at 600 milliamp hours (mAH) and draws 25 milliamps (mA) in an energized flashlight, the battery will last approximately 24 hours.
A Duracell rechargeable 9V NiMH battery rated at 170 mAH driving a 17 mA load will discharge the battery in 10 hours.
These are all approximations but they give you a rough idea how long your flashlight will keep the bulb energized and lighting the area around you.
According to online forums, batteries can remain charged longer if stored in a refrigerator.
Drawing less from a battery can significantly increase its useful life. Take a look at Table 4. It shows the time that various lanterns will remain energized based on their brightness setting.
Here’s a short video by Safe Mission about testing emergency lighting:
As you can see, the longest run times relate to the use of D-cell batteries. Table 4 can be helpful when selecting the right lantern for you. While many lighting options exist, it’s key to have a longer running light source for use when the power goes out. No one needs to be in the dark. Whether it’s a campout, a nice evening on the patio, or an emergency power outage, light is available.
Did the article give you a better understanding of emergency lighting and its longevity? Share your thoughts in the comments section below!
Up Next: 8 Ways To Generate Electricity At Home
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in October 2014, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
(Based on the book Power Out! How to Prepare for and Survive a Grid Collapse)
There is something nostalgic about Dutch oven cooking over an open flame. The smell, the feel, and the taste of this experience cannot be replicated by any other method of cooking.
Sure, I’m a bit biased about the almost magical effect that the Dutch oven has on the ingredients that are placed inside of it. But as you read a bit further, you will get a better grasp on my infatuation with cast-iron Dutch ovens.
Dutch ovens bring out that warm feeling of being “home” regardless of where I may be in the world. As I huddle around the fire ring with my group, preparing our meal, the Dutch oven becomes part of my extended family.
Dutch Oven Cooking as a Part of Your Emergency Plan
Coach Helder’s Dutch Oven Cooking Video Tutorial:
A lot goes into preparing a meal using a Dutch oven. We need to gather firewood, build a sustainable fire, prepare our ingredients and then actually cook the meal. Most of the time, this requires a group effort. So… not only does the Dutch oven provide a tasty and nutritious meal for us, but it also brings our group together, as one team, working towards a common goal.
There are various Dutch oven choices available to us. We have options ranging from ceramic to aluminum construction. But for my purposes, there is only one real type of dutch oven… One made of 100% cast iron.
I also require certain features from my Dutch oven. Besides the obvious cast-iron construction, I also require my Dutch oven to have:
3 legs on the bottom to hold it above the coals
A lid flange or ridge to contain coals for baking purposes
A lid handle to remove and replace the lid
Made in the U.S.A. with U.S. materials
So now that you know the specs that I require for my Dutch oven, let’s get into why I feel that the best Dutch oven is the ideal cookware for emergency situations when weight is not an issue.
Cooking in a Dutch Oven is Safest
A lot of the cookware options that are catered to the survival minded are made from aluminum. This keeps the mess gear lightweight, and aluminum is also a great conductor of heat. However, when food is cooked at high temperatures in aluminum, some leaching can occur, and the extra aluminum ends up in our food–and bodies.
There is plenty of talk about aluminum toxicity contributing to diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Even though there are arguments on both sides of the fence, I chose to avoid cooking in aluminum cookware. There may not be any proven detrimental effects from cooking in aluminum but there certainly aren’t any health benefits either.
When we cook in our cast iron Dutch ovens, any leaching that occurs from the cooking process is actually beneficial to us. Our bodies require iron and during stressful times, we need all the benefits that we can get in order to accomplish our mission. The stronger that our immune system is, the better our chances of not only surviving but also thriving as we ride out the calamity are.
Cooking in a Dutch Oven is Convenient
Whether I am making a stew or baking a cake, the Dutch oven is the only cooking container I need. I can gather up all of my ingredients, toss them into the Dutch oven and begin my cooking process. This not only makes cooking a lot easier, but it also allows me to utilize less gear. In an SHTF scenario, I want to conserve as much energy as possible. Deploying, stowing, and cleaning only one main piece of cookware certainly lightens the workload.
The lid on a Dutch oven fits snugly when placed over the pot. Due to its heavy cast-iron construction, a sealed Dutch oven keeps the critters out. This helps to preserve any leftover food while we work on other elements needed in an emergency situation.
Dutch Oven is Ideal for Various Cooking Methods
You can deep fry, bake, sauté, boil and do pretty much any other preferred cooking method in the outdoors. The Dutch oven can even be buried for a slow cooker method. Another great feature of the Dutch oven is the fact that the lid can be inverted, placed over a flame & used as a skillet. This adds diversity to your cooking options and you can divvy up the food preparation tasks with the multiple members of your group.
The only real limitation with the Dutch oven is your imagination and skill set. You may not have all the ingredients that a certain recipe calls for but it’s the perfect opportunity to overcome and adapt! One of the benefits that I get from my Dutch oven is that it seems to add its own bit of seasoning to the meal being prepared. This more than compensates for any missing ingredients that the recipe calls for, especially in an emergency situation.
The more that you use your Dutch oven, the more that it adds to the flavoring of your meal. You can understand why the Dutch oven is so much part of the history, prompting George Washington’s significant other to include the cooking wares in her will. Take care of your Dutch oven and it will remain part of your gear for life.
Dutch Oven Cooking is Ideal for Both Bugging-In or Bugging-Out
The Dutch oven might not be the most viable choice for bugging out on foot due to its weight & dimensions. But for bugging-in at home or bugging-out in your vehicle, the Dutch oven is ideal.
In an emergency, we may not have full access to the grid. Electricity and gas utilities will not be in operation. Knowing that I can prepare a family meal, utilizing a fire and a Dutch oven, adds a bit of comfort to the current mayhem and the uncertainties that lie ahead.
Comfort Food When Comfort is Difficult to Come By
In an SHTF situation, you may not want to give away your location with a big, boisterous fire at night. This holds true whether you are bugging in or out. Security is key and a fire can be spotted from miles away. An added benefit of the Dutch oven is that it can be buried while cooking your meal.
Turning a Dutch oven into a slow cooker is a method that has been used for years. It was a preferred means of cooking used by our Western pioneers. They would bury their Dutch ovens in a hole with a bunch of hot coals, and head off to hunt or perform whatever work was needed. Hours later, they would return to a warm nutritious meal waiting for them. All that they had to do was to retrieve it from the hole that it was buried in.
If you choose to practice this method, remember to abide by the Leave No Trace rule. Always leave your working environment better than you found it.
The Dutch Oven Produces Better Tasting Food than Other Cookware:
OK, I realize that this is just my opinion… But I can guarantee you that I am not the only one that feels this way.
Because of the pores in the Dutch oven, the more that you cook with it, the greater the flavor of future meals become. Now, it’s not an overwhelming addition to the flavor… It is more of a special ingredient that you cannot seem to put your finger on. Think of it as your special secret spice that will keep your family and friends guessing as to what it may be.
I can use relatively plain ingredients with my Dutch oven cooking and once the meal is done, the food is infused with a richer flavor that the ingredients alone couldn’t produce. When we couple that with the fact that we are also getting some additional iron leaching… You can easily see why Dutch oven cooking is the preferred method for many who are focused on preparedness.
A Dutch Oven is Easy to Clean
Let’s be honest… Neither of us finds the aspect of cleaning mess gear enjoyable. Sponges, soaps and scouring pads are messy and add a plethora of unwanted chemicals. These same chemicals can end up in our bodies and cause adverse effects to the environment.
When it comes to the Dutch oven, soap is a NEGATIVE! The soap can become lodged in the pores of the cast iron. If that happens, you will need to re-season your Dutch oven and basically start from scratch. Well… there goes all that wonderful added flavoring that I mentioned earlier. I will get into seasoning your Dutch oven in a future article.
I clean my Dutch oven by scraping out the excess food, filling it with water and bringing it to a boil over an open flame. After emptying the water out, I repeat the scraping process for any stubborn food residue and apply a thin coat of oil to the interior of the oven. I also put a thin layer of oil on the underside of the Dutch oven lid.
Once the Dutch oven is fully cooled, I stow it away in a custom-built wooden box so that I do not get my other gear dirty while transporting it.
That’s it… Cleanup is nice and simple, comparatively.
The Dutch Oven is Durable Enough to Last a Lifetime
Due to the Dutch oven being constructed with cast-iron, it is extremely durable and holds up well when used in the field. No need to worry about dents or dings that would make the pot unserviceable. I have lost various mess gear in the past due to dings that caused the lid to no longer fit snugly on the pot. Even though this gear was made of quality stainless steel, it was still malleable enough to get destroyed by unforeseen mishaps.
However, when the Dutch oven becomes hot, it also becomes brittle. Always handle your Dutch oven with care, especially when it’s hot. If you drop it over a stone while it is hot, it will crack. Like every other piece of gear that we own… Take care of it and it will take care of you for a lifetime!
I have several pieces of cast-iron cookware that are over 100 years old. They were passed down to my parents and then handed down to me. If you invest in a quality Dutch oven, it won’t be cheap, but with the proper care its lifespan is virtually endless. Eventually, you can hand it down to a loved one to carry on the tradition.
During an emergency scenario, there are so many unknowns that we will encounter. Being able to provide not only a nutritious meal, but also a tasty one, is imperative to keep energy and morale levels up. One of the best ways that I’ve found to accomplish this is via Dutch oven cooking.
As always, you need to get out there and practice. The more that the Dutch oven becomes a part of your method… The faster you can reap the benefits.
Once you get it right and share that first Dutch oven cooking chocolate cake, made entirely in the field, you will be the HERO of your next outing or camping trip.
If you’re looking for products to assist in your Dutch oven cooking, check out these options:
If you love the outdoors or you have gone on a trip in the wilderness you know how fast you could gulp down a bottle of water. It can be the intense heat of the sun beating down on you or you’re sweating profusely from all the rigorous activities that your body has been through. What if you run out of water in the middle of nowhere? You may come across a body of water but you’re not too sure about it being clean unless you’re an extreme survivalist. You wouldn’t want to end up with diarrhea or stomach problems, would you? Whether you’re outdoors or at home, being able to get clean drinking water in an emergency is vital to quench your thirst and survive.
The following list will show you’re a number of ways to get clean drinking water should you find yourself in a pinch.
– This can be the most basic substitute next to having a direct source of potable drinking water. You can collect them in rain barrels attached to the downspouts from your roof. The need for straining, filtering and purifying is still needed prior to consumption.
– The tank of your toilet seat that has a removable lid, more often than not, can be a good source of drinkable clean water. Since it comes directly from your tap then it may be good to drink. However, that would depend on the age of your toilet.
Water Heater Tanks
– You will not have to boil the water taken from these tanks as it has already done that for you. Just make sure you turn off the gas or electricity before unplugging the drain at the bottom of the tank.
The SODIS Way
– SODIS or solar ultraviolet water disinfection utilizes solar energy(UV-radiation) to purify water to rid it from diarrhea-causing pathogens and other harmful microorganisms. All you need is a clear water bottle or a plastic water bag, sunlight and a short waiting time.
Boiling It in a Pot
– Pour the water through a coffee filter or a piece of cloth to rid it of visible debris and dirt. Heat up the water until it starts to boil. If you have a thermometer it is best that the water temperature reaches a boiling point of 212° F or 100° C to kill all pathogens.
– Without the latest technology water filters, one has to go back to the basics. Using a clean empty container, place a shirt or piece of cloth over it then fill it with sand or soil which will act as your filter. Other than removing sediments and particles, there is no assurance on the presence of bacteria.
Use a Solar Still
– Just by digging a 3 feet deep hole into a ground, and using a wide plastic container you’ll be good to go. It may take some time but if you really don’t have any other option then waiting for your drink can be far off better than ingesting potentially harmful water.
Evaporation Distillation Method
– You can even turn salt water into drinking water through different methods. It may require a bit more energy and more complex tools. However, it may be worth the wait especially if you’re located near the beach or floating aimlessly on a boat in the ocean.
Filtrating Through Moss
– Moss absorbs moisture and can give you a quick sip if water can’t be found anywhere else. The web-like structure of moss also helps sift visible dirt and debris. But this doesn’t ensure the that the water you take out of moss is 100% purified.
DIY Pocket Water Filter
– A small tube-like piece of material like bamboo can be used as your base. Fill it with moss, then charcoal, then moss again in respective order. Top it with the top end of a plastic bottle sealed with pine pitch will give you an instant water filter.
A DIY Water Filter
– With the use of ordinary day to day items such as a gallon bucket and a little bit of patience you can have your own filtration system when out in the wild. Adding bleach or chlorine will give you safe drinking water to end your hydration worries.
Purify a la Pool Shock
– Also known as Calcium Hypochlorite which can be a substitute for bleach in purifying water. It has a very long shelf life, occupies very little space for storage, very cheap and most of all is readily available almost everywhere.
Fire It Up System
– With the use of 2 metals drum, a sheet of metal sheet and a fire you can get distilled water for drinking. Place a fire at the bottom of the drum with bad water then arrange the metal sheet in a curve-like manner in an angle where it will drip steam into the catch drum.
Bleach Your Way Out Of It
– You can disinfect a gallon of water with just 16 drops of chlorine bleach or a quarter with just 4 drops. This does not substitute the boiling method though. Don’t forget to filter the water from sediments and debris.
Through Hydrogen Peroxide Purification
– This household ingredient has that capacity to purify water like that of chlorine and bleach. You will have to treat the water with twice the amount than that of chlorine or bleach. Shake or stir then let it sit for half an hour. There should be a slight peroxide odor after that. Otherwise, it may not have done a significant purification effect.
– Filtering the water from sediments is still needed since all that these little wonders can do is purify your water. 1 small tablet can purify up to a liter of water. Drop it in, give it a little shake and let it stand for 30 minutes before drinking.
Potassium Permanganate Purification
– KMNO4 or more commonly called Condy’s crystals is a water softener that is sold in pill or powder form. 1g or 3 to 4 crystals can purify a liter of water.
– A combination of all the basic ways to get clean water would ensure it is indeed safe to drink. Filtering, distilling, chlorinating/disinfecting water from different water sources will give you peace of mind that you’re drinking safe water.
Hydration Backpack System
– You can fill the Geigerrig pack with water taken from lakes, rivers, creeks, and streams to name a few and then attach the filter. You’ll be drinking clean drinking water even on the go in no time.
The Berkey Light Purification Device
– This lightweight, shatter-resistant purifier needs no electricity and is capable of filtering 4 to 8 gallons of the murkiest water. Getting clean water has never been this safe because it’s more than “just another water filter…”
Sucking It Up System
– You will have to embrace the suck on this one as you will surely be sucking it up since your life will surely depend on it. All it takes for you is to pop, dip and suck then you’re good to go. This little compact tool is called the Lifestraw and it weighs only about 2 oz. you will not have to worry about a worry about bringing a bottle anymore.
– This revolutionary handheld water purifier is tested and certified by the WQA against US EPA Microbiological Water Purifier Standard. It uses UV light to make your water safe to drink. You will have to filter the water from dirt and debris though as it just sterilizes your water.
Sweetwater Purifier System
– With an easy-to-use lever action pump handle that can provide 1 Liter of drinkable water per minute. This system weighs only 14 oz. and can be easily stored and pack in your bag.
Katadyn Water Filtration System
– This mini filter can produce one to two quarts per minute depending on the mode applied. Depending on the quality of the water source the cartridge can give up to 500 gallons of water.
DIY Water Storage
– Preparation for long-term is also a must. Carefully clean containers to be used for water storage, sanitize and label according to date filled, store in a cool dark place and then rotate container every six months to a year.
There are a lot of other ways or methods as well as tools and equipment that one can put into good use to get clean drinking water in the event of an emergency. Making sure of the unsure should the situation call for it is the most basic survival tool that any survivalist must utilize. You are sure to survive longer or even get through an emergency situation if you master the basic techniques above.