When you first enter the survival community, you hear a great deal about bugging out, but for most people in most survival scenarios bugging in makes more sense. Bugging in is the process of fortifying your home and having all the needed resources on hand to survive long term. With most SHTF situations, staying home makes much more sense than packing up and heading into the unknown. You must be prepared for this to work.
Bugging In | Fortifying Your Home Before SHTF
Have a Plan
The most important aspect of bugging in is to have a plan to secure your location. Rarely do people live on high alert in a secure location 365 days a year. That means that when SHTF there will be work to do. You need to figure out what your priorities are and be sure that everybody in your household knows what to do. In addition, you need to practice this drill on a regular basis to ensure everybody is ready to go for bugging in.
One of the biggest priorities with bugging in is keeping your home secure. There is the possibility of looters or other intruders breaking in, so you need to develop several layers of protection for your home. The first layer of security is the perimeter of your property. For us, this is a barbed wire fence extending around all four sides. Next is your on-property security. This can consist of dogs, cameras, motion detectors, and even armed patrols. Next is your outer house security. This is your door locks, bars on windows, and a home security system. Finally, you want a security plan for inside your home. This consists of having a choke point between you and the intruders and having weapons on hand to defend that choke point. With these levels of security in place, it is unlikely that anybody will be able to get to you and your family.
In order to bug in successfully, you will need a good supply of preserved foods to survive. Plan on working without electricity, so frozen foods are out. Canned goods can last for a while, but are not ideal. Your best bet is to have dried goods available to last several months. This includes jerky, hardtack, pemmican, and other salted and dried or dehydrated goods. Dried pasta is good to have, and all grains and beans are ideal if they are kept away from insects. MRE’s are alright, but they are expensive for long-term survival.
Supplying water to your home can be an issue if the pumps that move the water are shut down. We are fortunate to have both a well on the property and a pond for water. Rainwater collection systems are a good way to keep a steady supply of fresh water. In addition, you should have the tools needed to purify water if you are forced to venture out looking for it. With a good filter, boiling, or iodine tablets you can purify water from any stream or pond you find. Be sure you know how to find water around your home, for you can only last three days without it.
If you happen to be dealing with a cold climate, you will need a way to stay warm. Fire is always an option, but you risk burning the house down and risk carbon monoxide poisoning. You should have several different tools to start a fire with you including lighters and Ferro rods. In addition, a good supply of blankets can make a huge difference. The best options are wool blankets and emergency blankets. Wool can keep you warm even when wet, and emergency blankets reflect 90% of your body heat back to you.
Watch this video by Reality Survival & Prepping and find out the 25 things you want to avoid when bugging in:
Just put in mind that there are certain scenarios where the need for bugging in has lesser risks compared to bugging out. As you make these preparations you need to know those possible situations and anticipate then plan for it. It’s best to be prepared than not being prepared at all. This is a good bug in prepper list to get you started!
Have you tried making preparation for bugging in before SHTF? Let us know in the comments section below!
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Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on September 7, 2017, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
Take a shot at these ways to rid your home of roaches without using harsh chemicals! Applying these natural ways to get rid of cockroaches is a longer process than when using hazardous pesticides. But for the sake and safety of your family and pets, taking it one step at a time is all worth it. Besides the roach exterminator cost can really take a dent in your budget. In this article, we will share with you the natural ways to rid your home of roaches slowly but safely.
Ways to Rid Your Home of Roaches the Safe and Natural Way!
1. Boric Acid
Boric acid is basically safe for use around the household and has been used specifically as an insecticidal substance. But take though because it can be irritating to the skin so make sure to keep it away from children. To make an effective boric acid roach killer mix a part of powdered sugar to three parts of boric acid. The sugar will lure the roaches to the mixture and will terminate the cockroaches. Sprinkle or spread the mixture in areas frequented by roaches.
2. Wet Coffee Grounds (Water Tar Trap)
What you’ll need:
2-3 Large glass jars
Wet coffee grounds
2-3 Small cups
Fill the large glass jars about halfway with water.
Place the coffee grounds in the small cups.
Place one small cup inside one large glass jar. Make 2-3 similar setups with a small cup inside every glass jar.
Place these jars where you see roaches the most.
Roaches will be attracted by the aroma of the coffee and try to enter into the jar.
Once the roaches fall into the water jar, it is nearly impossible for them to escape.
Check the jars daily and discard any dead roaches.
Make new traps daily.
Repeat this process until you discover no sign of roaches within the traps for a couple of days.
3. Liquid Fabric Softener
Roaches breathe through their lower body. When you spray fabric softener on roaches, it will produce difficulty in their breathing and roaches will die due to suffocation.
What you’ll need:
Make a spray by mixing 3 parts liquid fabric softener with 2 parts water.
Fill a spray bottle with this mixture.
Spray this solution on the roaches; making sure the solution hits the lower mid-region and head of the roach.
In addition, spray this mixture wherever you see evidence of roaches.
4. Ammonia-Water Solution
What you’ll need:
2 cups of ammonia
1 bucket of water
Add 2 cups of ammonia to the bucket of water.
Wash the hard surfaces of your kitchen and bathroom daily with this solution.
Ammonia works effectively as a repellent for roaches due to its sharp smell. Roaches will leave your home in no time using this method.
While cats love the smell of catnip and it’s non-toxic to humans and animal, the same cannot be said for roaches. It will send the cockroaches flying to wherever they came from. While the effect is not permanent, you can always reinforce it with any of the roach killers here. You can make a catnip tea where you can spray in areas where cockroaches might be hiding.
Note: This natural repellent should only be used in homes without cats!
Fighting with fleas this summer? Check out our tips for getting rid of them naturally. https://t.co/lE2PoDXWvm pic.twitter.com/nDNx1BM1Cf
8. Essential Oils – Citronella, Peppermint, or Lemongrass
It’s amazing how the scent we love, cockroaches hate. You will love this essential oil trick which will make your home smelling heavenly and cockroach-free. Soak some cotton balls in the essential oil of your choice. From lemongrass, citronella, cypress, tea tree oil, and peppermint, they can all be effective. Place the essential oil-soaked balls in areas around the home where the cockroaches are hiding. Or, you can also make this essential oil spray cockroach repellent.
Make a spray solution by putting half a cup of water in a spray bottle
Add 10 drops of peppermint essential oil
Add 5 drops of cypress essential oil.
Mix and spray in areas desired frequented by cockroaches
9. Bay Leaves
Unlike us, who sniffs at bay leaves before throwing them to a dish cooking, cockroaches hate the scent of bay leaves. For this, bay leaves are a fantastic way to get rid of cockroaches naturally. You simply need to crush a handful of bay leaves, then spread them in areas where cockroaches may be hiding.
10. Edible Baking Soda
The amazing baking soda simply has no bounds to the wonderful things it can do for our home. With the many benefits of baking soda around the home, it’s incredible they are effective roach killers, too. Apparently, when baking soda comes to contact with water, it just expands.
To make a simple and safe cockroach repellent, mix edible baking soda and sugar in equal parts and sprinkle them in crevices and areas they frequent. The cockroaches will consume them and you know what will happen next.
Cedar also ranks one of the plants which a few insects find disgusting, and it includes cockroaches. Thujone–an essential oil present in cedar is the culprit. While we find the aroma pleasant, insects are averse to it. Leave pieces of cedar in the kitchen are areas where they could be frequenting to stop these intruders in their tracks.
Learn how to get rid of cockroaches in 4 easy steps in this video from Solutions Pest & Lawn:
We may never know how to get rid of cockroaches forever since they’ve been here before us. But we do know we can get rid of these critters in our territory. With these natural ways to rid your home of roaches, you have several options to choose from. Apply all these natural ways to rid your home of roaches and we’ll be seeing none of these critters for good!
Which of these natural ways to rid your home of roaches have you tried or wish to try? Tell us about your thoughts in the comments section below!
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Disclaimer: The contents of this article are for informational purposes only. Please read our full disclaimer.
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on July 28, 2016, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
How important is drone defense? In today’s ever-accelerating technological world, it’s no surprise that drones and drone defense have been evolving to every imaginable end. Recent FAA reports state that there are over 770,000 registered drones in the United States. This number is expected to be “more than triple in size from 1.1 million UAVs [currently, including unregistered and commercial drones] to 3.55 million, and the number of commercial vehicles to grow tenfold to 442,000 by 2021. Pilot licenses, meanwhile, will jump from 37,000 to 281,300 in five years.” -Engadget.com
While the vast majority of drones exist in an ethical and legal fashion, the door is wide open for opportunistic exploitation. It can be hacking attempts on your personal Wi-Fi or the creep down the road. Drones pose a considerable threat to our personal safety and security. In this article, we will be discussing personal and home drone defense and why it’s so important.
Drone Defense: Protecting Yourself From Possible Threats
In This Article:
Why Drones Were Developed
First, we will review the two main purposes for developing drones. They are used for data collection and interacting with the environment. Drones also have an incredibly wide range of capabilities. Both capabilities have their own unique challenges that we will explore.
Secondly, we will explore what’s headway in the drone defense systems in the market. The more popular solutions like AR-15 attachments have been limited to government use only. Although there are some simple steps you can take against drone surveillance.
Drones for Data Collection
This drone has a hacking computer used by researchers for breaching Wi-Fi networks.
Drone development always begins with the best intentions. Unfortunately, opportunistic criminals can use this technology for their own devious ends. Data collection is a way for hackers to cast a massive dragnet to capture as much information as possible. This means people will definitely want drone defense technology.
So, what kind of data are drones currently capable of collecting? From the beginning, drones have a live video feed when it flies out of direct line of sight. Since then, drone enthusiasts couldn’t help imagining countless video configurations. This capability of remote flight came with its gaps though. Primarily, this revolves around our unspecified air rights. The small claims court law that has preceded usunofficially defines the end of your private airspace at somewhere between 80 and 500 feet.
The current justice system allows drones to spy on a private property while homeowners conduct private affairs. If you follow that link you’ll read a story about a dad who shot down a drone over his property. It was spying on his teenage daughter but was later charged with two property crimes for doing so. While the Kentucky solution may not be legally appropriate in every situation, we will address that method later on.
Even bird watchers use drones by using directional microphones to better track songbirds. Again, the possibility for illegal surveillance surfaces here with little room for recourse.
What do all these have in common? Electronic signals. Therein lies our biggest vulnerability to malicious drone operators. Self-contained networks’ main strength require hackers to be on-site to break into the network. The physical location has been a deterrent to most criminals. However, the ability to remotely operate a drone from miles away allows the user to get a hacking computer close enough to the facility. This means there’s a breach in the network. The hacking drone can then connect to every device directly or indirectly. This also means all of your sensitive financial information is up for grabs.
Drones for Physical Tasks
Again, the capability and versatility that drones bring seem to be growing every day. Automation continues to take over the manufacturing industry. This prompts manufacturers and operators to push the limits of how a drone can affect the environment. From package deliveries to dropping grenades, drone delivery systems are vulnerable to exploitation.
Aside from dropping payloads, some additional tinkering makes drones perform simple robotic tasks. This varies from collecting organic samples for agriculture to rigging an actuator to squeeze a trigger. The teenage owner of this drone definitely deserves questioning. Again, this demonstrates how simple it can be for a someone to modify drones.
How To Prepare For These New Threats
Knowledge is the best way to prepare. The number of registered drones and drone operators is increasing. The sheer volume of these airborne assistants will prove the need for addressing property owner’s concerns. It is then important to think critically about the possibility of you being a target. If anything, the biggest risk homeowners face is hacking of their Wi-Fi networks. This can compromise all devices connected to that network. For that reason, we will focus on what you can do to best mitigate and prepare for that threat. The best part is, these are all tips you can install today, on your own network.
Here are a few network security tips from PC Magazine that you can implement today. This can better protect your Wi-Fi network and connected devices.
Activate network encryption
Update your router’s admin username and password
Change your network name
Turn off guest networks
Turn down broadcast power if you find that your wifi signal is reaching out to areas you don’t use.
Active drone defense systems are still in development. The market needs a system which produces some innovative solutions. Dedrone has devised a jamming system that creates enough disruption to cause a drone to lose communication with the pilot. At that point, autopilot takes over and the drone either lands on the spot or returns to the point it took off from. This system is still new and best for large commercial or infrastructural facilitates. It is also likely to scale down for the public soon.
Finally, remember the Kentucky solution? That got me thinking, is that a contingency worth preparing for? Since there still has not been a clear definition of air rights, the best we can do is prepare for the threat now and wait for legislation to catch up.
While shooting clay pigeons have been the best aerial replication of flight for target shooting thus far, Gnat Warfare has been developing drone targets that better replicate today’s drone flight patterns and behavior. Again, while it is very unlikely that you personally will be targeted by a handgun-toting drone, gun owners already know the value of preparing for the worst. Gnat Warfare operates and sells ground-based and flying drone targets. This is a great way to get some hands-on, real-world experience in shooting down drones with human operators.
Here is some footage provided by one of the founders, George Ford. In it, Gnat Warfare demonstrates some of their aerial drone drills along with the ground-based scenarios. While they focus on meeting current demand, Ford has been researching and developing aerial threat training programs. Even now, you can hire Gnat Warfare to run a drone shoot just for the fun of it!
Watch this video by George Ford about a Gnat Warfare shot show:
Simply learning about drone developments is the best way to prepare for these devices becoming more integrated into our lives. Lack of knowledge or half-truths spread by alarmists can end up hindering or even halting the progress we’ve made. That is exactly why this information is in the format you saw today. The best advice I can give is to follow those network security tips and stay abreast the industry developments. Stay safe, and share your drone experience with us in the comments!
What do you think about the capability of drones today? Please let us know in the comments section below!
Up Next: Sound as a Defense Weapon: How Sound Frequency Can Cause Pain
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Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in August 2017, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
Will your security system work in a world without a grid? Home defense tactics are a huge concern when looking at SHTF scenarios and the kind of home security you need. If you’re one of those rare homes prepared for an emergency, the sad truth is you’re now a target, and you need something in place to keep you, your family, and your stockpile safe. But home security systems and a home security camera can get expensive, and they fall short when it comes to actually defending yourself, family, preps, and home. In my opinion, the best self-defense weapon is not allowing any unwanted visitors to enter your home in the first place. This list of DIY home security tips may be the best solution, and might just save you and your family’s lives in the wee hours of the night.
Badass DIY Home Security for Preppers
Do-It-Yourself Home Security Systems
Of course, you’ll want plenty of back up plans in case an intruder were to make it past your first line of defense. In this list, we give you a mixture of preventative home defense tactics as well as home defense weapons and security measures for an emergency situation. Enhance your peace of mind by creating your own, personalized DIY home security system. There should be zero chance for bad people to make their way into your home. A few moves ahead of burglars and intruders should place you in a favorable position in case they try to sneak in.
1. DIY Smart Home Security Camera
You don’t need to go to security companies to purchase a smart home security camera. Create this awesome DIY trick if you want the ease of monitoring the perimeters of your home. This allows you to stream live video and audio from your front doorstep directly to from a mobile app. The installation of this home security cameras doesn’t always require costly professional installation.
2. Remote Control Gun
If you need to warn intruders to stay away from your safe room, or keep those pesky squirrels away from your garden, this is the perfect DIY project for you. We’re only using an airsoft gun so it’s not like we’ll kill somebody with this security feature. This safety device also doesn’t need to be professionally installed. You can do it yourself with ease!
3. Prepper Dream Home – Virtual Tour
This is probably a bit ambitious for most of us, but we can dream, right? This home is a fortress that would make just about anyone feel safe. Door and window sensors and alarm systems can only go so far. Make this DIY home security system to go the extra mile in keeping your home safe!
4. Cell Phone Trip Wire
Can’t afford expensive home security systems? Ever wanted to know how to make your own DIY alarm system? Believe it or not, you can make your own wireless home security system for about $10 with a few simple hacks to a prepaid cell phone. You can easily catch intruders who set off the tripwire, because this neat little device calls your cell phone right when it happens.
5. Hidden In Plain Sight Bug Out Cabin
This DIY home security trick is a great idea for your secure bug out location. A small cabin that is completely camouflaged to the outside world, keeping your preps safe and location secret. You can also install DIY home security systems with motion sensors into this cabin to find out if your secret location has been compromised.
6. Door Stop Alarm
Door sensors only tell you there’s an intruder but it doesn’t stop them. When the metal plate of this doorstop senses pressure, an alarm goes off, alerting you someone has opened your door, stopping the intruder in their tracks. This DIY is a lot better than what an alarm company can offer.
7. Kitchen Island Secret Passage
Hide your safe room or shelter entrance in the most unexpected place: right in the middle of your kitchen island. Now who would think you’d disappear at the heart of your kitchen? Catch them by surprise with this sneaky DIY home security hack.
8. Hidden Bed Gun Safe
Sometimes smart locks can be outsmarted and you’ll find yourself threatened with your own gun. This super hidden safe offers the security of a more traditional safe with the added benefit of being stealthily hidden. Intruders won’t know what hit them when you come storming out of your bedroom with your shotgun.
9. Storage Container Fortress
If the alarm, the door locks, and trap devices didn’t work, the last resort is to hide yourself. A simple, empty storage container can also be a perfectly camouflaged urban survival shelter. I definitely wanna have one of these someday! With the right ventilation, it’s all going to be perfect.
10. Deterring Door Mat
The best DIY home security systems can be as simple as a sign tricking those burglars into robbing someone else! But alright, you caught us. This clever doormat is just for fun. You never know, it might work!
Watch this video of the coolest bedside gun safe!
So what do you think of this list? There are loads of home security ideas out there. This is just a taste of it. If you care about you or your family’s safety, installing home security is never a waste of your time. It’s always good to be a step ahead of potential crooks.
Have you built DIY home security systems in your home before? Share your thoughts and experience in the comments section below!
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Do you want a gun that will never be taken away and never run out of ammo? Check out one of my favorite weapons.
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Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in December 2016 and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
Toothaches are nothing to laugh at. Especially when the SHTF, you’re going to need to know some home remedies to take care of your dental hygiene. I went for an annual cleaning at my dentist, and a routine X-ray showed that my lower wisdom teeth had turned sideways and were now completely impacted. I’m definitely in dire need or some home remedies for toothaches!
Toothache Home Remedies You Can Find At Home
DIRECTIONS: Apply the below remedies directly both the problem tooth and the surrounding gums unless otherwise directed. For items that direct you to chew or for liquids that are to swished around inside the mouth, direct the liquid on and around the sore tooth as. much as possible.
CAUTION: DO NOT SWALLOW LIQUIDS. RINSE YOUR MOUTH AND SPIT THEM OUT WHEN DONE.
1. Salt Water
Mix a heaping tablespoon full of salt in a small glass of warm water; swirl around inside your mouth for as long as you can, spit out. Repeat as needed. This can be the most basic remedy since it is readily available in your kitchen.
2. Hydrogen Peroxide
Swish a bit of hydrogen peroxide. If the taste is too horrid for you, try diluting with a bit of water.
Swish a bit of whiskey, scotch, brandy or vodka. A strong mouthwash that contains alcohol will do the trick too.
4. Vanilla Extract
Saturate a cotton ball with vanilla and hold in place. Can also use a cotton swab dipped in the extract. Other extracts that have the same effect are:
5. Tea Tree Oil
Just a drop or two will do the trick. You can also add some to a cotton swab and hold in place or add a few drops of tea tree oil to a small glass of lukewarm to warm water and rinse your mouth with it. Coconut oil may also be a nice alternative.
6. Oil Of Oregano
Mix a few drops with a bit of olive oil, then saturate a cotton ball with the mixture. Can replace the olive oil with lukewarm water if preferred. This is an essential oil for toothache and may even help alleviate sore throat.
7. Apple Cider Vinegar
Soak a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar (ACV) and hold it in place. Can also try regular household vinegar.
8. Ginger Root
Take a fresh piece of ginger and chew it a bit. This natural remedy is sure to take away the pain in no time.
Take a clove of garlic, smash it and apply (settle it inside cheek). You can also mash some garlic with salt.
10. Peppermint Leaves
Chew on fresh peppermint leaves. You can also use dried leaves, just hold them in place.
Cut a fresh piece of potato (raw, skin off) and hold in place. Can also pound a piece of raw potato, mix in a bit of salt and use the mash.
Cut a slice or wedge of lime and apply, bite into it if you can to release some of the juice.
Slice a piece of fresh onion and hold it in your mouth. The onion needs to be freshly cut (so it provides a bit of onion juice).
Chew up a fresh plantain leaf. If you’re too sore to chew, use the other side of your mouth. Once the leaf is chewed a bit, apply it to the problem area and hold in place.
Slice a fresh piece of cucumber and hold it over the sore area. If refrigerated, you might want to bring the cucumber to room temperature before using (if sensitive to cold) otherwise a cool piece can be soothing.You can also mash a piece with a bit of salt and pack it around the sore tooth.
16. Cayenne Pepper
Make a paste with cayenne pepper and water.
17. Black Pepper
You can use this full strength or make a mix of pepper and salt.
18. Baking Soda
Take a cotton swab and moisten it with a bit of water, dip it in baking soda (coat the swab really well with baking soda) then apply. You can also make a mouth rinse by mixing a heaping spoonful of baking soda in a small glass of lukewarm to warm water, dissolve the soda then swish the mixture in your mouth.
This is a home remedy from the old timers (my great-grandparents): rest a clove against the sore area until pain goes away. You can also use a drop or two of clove oil (BE CAREFUL: Too much can be toxic) or make a thick paste of ground cloves and water or ground cloves and olive oil.
Make a fresh cup of tea then take the used tea bag (still warm) and stick it in your mouth. Be careful not to tear the bag. The tannins that are naturally in tea leaves can help numb things.
21. Ice Pack
Cover an ice pack with a face cloth or towel then hold over your cheek where the problem is. This will help numb things. Make sure that you have some type of cloth between your skin and the ice, otherwise, you can severely damage your skin. If that doesn’t work, try the opposite–a hot compress (making sure that it is not so hot as to scald your skin).
You can’t schedule a toothache, and it never fails that a major toothache hits when it’s late at night and your dentist’s office is closed. Or, you’re somewhere remote and getting to a dentist any time soon is just not an option. Anyone who has ever had the misfortune of a toothache knows that it is not just your mouth that hurts. You can feel a toothache in just about every part of your body. So address the concern immediately by applying these quick fixes or visiting a dentist immediately.
Have I missed any of your tried-and-true methods to relieve tooth and gum pain? Please share it below in the comments section.
Up Next: 3 Effective Home Remedies for Headaches
The contents of this article are for informational purposes only. Please read our full disclaimer.
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in February 2013 and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
Want to learn the different ways to generate electricity at home in case SHTF, and you can no longer rely on the power grid? If so, then you’re one of the smart ones! So, how can you generate electricity? Read on to learn the eight ways to generate electricity at home from energy expert Robert Brenner.
Great Ways to Generate Electricity When SHTF
Based on the book: Power Out! How to Prepare for and Survive a Grid Collapse)
Harnessing Power from the Earth
Native American Indians believe the earth is alive and pulsing with energy. Scientists found that the earth does indeed resonate (at a frequency of 7.8 Hz). Our brain resonates at the same frequency, and when people become “tuned” with nature, many become healthier and actually heal from ailments. This suggests that “earthing”—connecting your body to the ground may have merit. Are people healthier when their bare feet touch solid ground or fingers touch plants and trees growing in the soil? Perhaps life is related to the energy that flows in the earth and in our bodies. It is such a marvelous symbiotic relationship.
Nikola Tesla also believed the earth has energy. His work in 1909 showed the earth resonated with energy. However, it wasn’t until 1952 when a German physicist, W. O. Schumann actually measured its 7.8 Hz base frequency. Tesla wanted to produce free electricity using the invisible energy in electromagnetic fields. He joined others seeking ways to produce electricity from the energy that is all around us.
Today, we recognize eight technologies that can be used to produce electricity—chemical, solar, fuel-driven generators, steam turbines, hydroelectric, wind, thermal, and EMF. This article will introduce you to each.
1. Chemical Sources of Electricity
Storage batteries are popular for producing electricity. They have been around for years generating electricity, and the technology is consistently improving. The chemical interaction between battery cells and electrolyte produces a voltage that can drive current through a connected device. Battery power can energize lighting, drive small motors, pump water, and even provide electricity to an entire home. This one good source of electric power for off-grid living.
Batteries are sold in multiple capacities—2V, 6V, 8V, 12V, 24V, 36V, 48V, 72V—and are constructed in various shapes using materials such as manganese-dioxide-zinc-nickel, carbon-zinc, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride, and lithium. Batteries can be made of dry cells, wet cells or gelatin oozing sludge and be single-use or rechargeable depending on the application. Homeowners typically use dry cells for flashlights and small electrical devices, and wet cells for driving inverters to produce AC power. A special battery is the fuel cell. It converts chemical energy from the oxidation of a fuel into electric DC energy.
You can even build small voltage, low current batteries to light LEDs or operate MP3 players, and they are fun to make. Check out the lemon battery, potato battery, bleach battery, earth battery, and crystal diode. These typically generate 0.6 to 1.9 volts and 0.58mA to 0.95 mA. The earth battery can produce 12-14 volts and 200mA of current. You are never without a way to generate battery power.
2. Solar Power
By placing a panel or module covered with solar cells in direct sunlight, photon energy can be converted into DC voltages between 1V and 46V with current from 20mA up to 9 amps depending on the module. An array of solar modules can be applied to a high voltage inverter to produce AC that can be tied to the local electrical grid. A smaller solar panel can charge a landscape light or drive a DC motor or lamp.
Solar panels can charge a whole bank of batteries. Then at night, the batteries can provide power to the home. Some solar homeowners have added a transfer switch and a battery bank, so they don’t have to be without electrical power when the solar panels are not active.
Several new inverter products can convert solar energy into electrical grid AC with a grid power-out feature. It allows the homeowner to draw solar DC through a transfer switch in the inverter and provide up to 1500 watts of AC. This lets the homeowner continue to use solar power as long as the sun is shining while the grid is down. Solar power is one of the greatest sources of renewable energy.
3. Wind Power
Moving wind can cause a propeller to rotate and turn a generator shaft producing electrical energy. Harnessing the energy in the wind is like harnessing the photons in a solar array to produce electricity. Like solar, wind energy is available and one of the best renewable sources. You can install home wind generators that typically create 400-800 watts for charging 12V batteries.
New bladeless wind turbines operate without large rotating propellers endangering passing birds. The wind can be put to good use to generate electrical power.
4. Water Power
Moving water has performed useful work for thousands of years. It can move great objects, turn wheels that process grain, pump water uphill, and rotate turbines to generate electricity.
You can create your own electrical power using flowing water that turns a turbine or propeller shaft with a generator attached. It converts water action to electricity. If you have moving water on your property, consider a simple hydroelectric generator. They produce about 100W of power 24/7 and can charge a bank of batteries for your home.
Small voltage hydroelectric power also includes a submersible propeller generator you can place in fast water environments and a submersible sailing boat turbine generator which produces DC.
A related technology is the Tesla turbine. It uses closely-spaced disks that rotate when fluid or gas enters and exits. Holes in the disks cause a connected shaft to rotate providing kinetic energy to a generator or alternator creating DC or AC electricity. The shaft must rotate at 16,800 RPM to produce 12V DC, so it can be noisy.
5. Fuel-Based Generators
Fuel-based generators produce AC, although many units have a DC output available for charging batteries. You can use them as independent standby power sources during emergency conditions.
Standalone gasoline, diesel fuel, natural gas, or propane (LP gas) generators convert burning fuel into AC electrical power. A stationary generator can produce up to 200 kW of AC. For example, I have a 15kW stationary generator that runs on propane and backs up the utility grid power to my home. This generator provides power to my whole house if the local grid fail. Portable generators can produce 140W up to 30,000 watts of power. I also have a portable 2,000-watt gas-driven generator that provides up to 13.7 amps of 120V AC. The gas tank is good for 5 to 9 hours of operation before refill. It’s been a reliable power source for camping and even for energizing field lights during school activities.
6. Steam Power
A steam power generation system uses fuel such as wood, coal, gas, wood gasification, or nuclear energy to heat a liquid in a boiler producing high-pressure steam. This steam passes through a turbine rotating an attached generator that produces electricity. Many power plants today that uses geothermal energy function on this principle. Steam power is an excellent source of renewable energy.
While steam engines were common in the 1800s, only small demonstration steam power generators are currently available for the home user. They can produce 10V to 15V of DC power for charging a 12V battery.
7. Thermoelectric Power
A thermocouple or thermoelectric module can convert heat to DC voltage which you can use to charge a battery or bank of batteries. The Stirling engine also runs on heat. It produces DC power based on heat applied to a cylinder containing a movable piston. And Nitinol wire can become a heat engine that uses the temperature difference between the same wire immersed in two tanks of water to turn a generator and create electricity. These all produce low voltage and current, but enough energy to charge a wet-cell battery.
8. Invisible EMF Power
This is an up-and-coming technology, although the concept has been around since Nikola Tesla conducted his first experiments to transmit electricity without wires.Tesla’s experiments included energizing light bulbs spaced out from a power source without connecting wires. After Tesla died, no serious research and experiments followed until recently. Now Tesla coils can cause wireless light bulbs to glow in your hand and high voltage electrical sparks to fill the room.
We are just beginning to exploit this technology. Products are now available that use invisible EMF energy to charge mobile phones. Perhaps soon we’ll be able to harness WiFi energy to create electricity that can drive appliances and even vehicles.
When STHF, we need to find other sources of electrical energy to increase our chances of survival. Watch this video from Alltime10s and find out the new yet somewhat weird ways to harness energy!
The earth is a giant source of energy, both renewable and non-renewable,—ready at our disposal. Thanks to the work of Weber, Faraday, Maxwell, Hertz, Edison, and Tesla, we have electrical power to make our lives easier and more comfortable. As technology developed, some of the innovations from those days were neglected. Today, those technologies are being revisited, refined, and reintroduced, giving us multiple ways to generate electricity at home.
Know other ways to generate electricity at home? Tell us about it in the comment section below!
Up Next: DIY Solar Power Projects
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Editor’s Note – This post was originally published on July 24, 2015 and has been updated for quality and relevancy.
Homemade weapons are actually pretty badass and they come in handy when you have no weapons left in your arsenal. Improvised weapons are great against an intruder or attacker. But if the situation really calls for it though, these homemade weapons would be handy. Homemade but badass weapons are great non-firearm weapons when you need to improvise. Check out the updated list below to see the top 14 picks of homemade weapons!
14 Badass Homemade Weapons To Add To Your Arsenal
1. PVC Pipe Compound Bow
Get all raw and basic with your skills by making your own compound bow. Bows and arrows are badass weapons but they can be pretty expensive. But this DIY project does not put a strain on your wallet as it can be made from inexpensive, readily available materials.
2. Homemade Pepper Spray
Pepper sprays are for everyone because it is convenient to carry and can protect you when SHTF. Just spray it in the face of the attacker and escape the situation instantly to call for backup or help. These homemade self-defense weapons are easy to make. This pepper spray may become one of your personal favorites, check it out here.
3. Multifunction Pocket Tool
If you’re looking for very convenient homemade weapons then you need these bad boys. Other than being weapons, multifunction pocket tools also help you with your everyday tasks. They’re the perfect life hacks! You can easily make and customize these DIY pocket tools to fit your specific need.
4. Pump Action Rocket Gun
Looking for homemade guns or improvised firearms? This inexpensive rocket gun is a fun project and a cool item to have around. The DIY is very simple and relatively cheap as well. The entire project, including a bunch of ammo, could easily be made for around $20.
5. Homemade Taser Gun
Hand-to-hand combat and a pepper spray aren’t the only survival options against an attacker. When talking about self-defense, some people tend to purchase a taser gun or a stun gun. That’s what most people think of buying when they want to have some protection or weapon they can easily use in an emergency situation. But instead of buying a taser gun, you can also make your own.
6. Primitive Club Tool
If stuck in the wilderness with limited resources, knowing how to make this tool could come in handy for your survival. This simple technique will quickly transform a few items into a very useful weapon and bring out the Ragnar Benson inside you!
7. Homemade Bolt Action 12 Gauge
This homemade bolt action 12 gauge is one of the best homemade weapons you’ll come across. You can just imagine the power this awesome weaponry is packing. Although you can’t take it anywhere, this weapon is very reliable and can protect you from attackers or home intruders especially when SHTF. Homemade firearms like this air rifle does not need to be registered and never runs out of ammo.
8. War Hammer
Other war hammer designs may be a bit more difficult to make because they require you to weld, drill, and file. This is one of the easier homemade weapons, and you need nothing more than a black pipe. It’s a simple design, and the name says it all. Don’t underestimate the power of the war hammer!
9. Saw Blade Tomahawk
As you can probably tell already, this is one unique homemade weapon. The name leaves little to the imagination when it comes to what this thing is made to do. Almost completely made with a couple pieces of wood, this saw blade Tomahawk is inexpensive to make if you have the right equipment.
This particular flamethrower is made to fit in a normal backpack. With an air compressor, a diesel nozzle, a fuel tank, hose, and some fittings, you’ll have a flamethrower! What’s more awesome about this homemade flamethrower is it can run on tiki torch fuel. You can buy one from Amazon.
This classic weapon is brought to another level with this DIY project. This giant trebuchet has an equally giant amount of power, making it capable of catapulting things with immense force. Since this project is pretty big, you can invite your buddies over to help you make an awesome trebuchet.
12. Homemade Landmine
You can actually make an airsoft landmine by using airsoft pellets. But since you’re making a landmine, be very, very careful. You might be making this one for fun but things can go badly for you and other people if you’re not careful enough.
13. Death Ray
Have an old television around? You can turn it into something way cooler than it’s former, dated identity with a few steps. With some simple disassembling, you can have 2000 degrees of heat to use for cooking, water sanitation, or just to burn things. You can actually use the screen of an old TV to make a death ray!
14. Pipe Gun
This is another one of the classic homemade weapons. Using a few items from your garage, you can make your own pipe gun. But remember it takes risk to make one, so please be careful. Don’t mindlessly test this pipe gun by shooting someone or something as it can potentially hurt you and other people.
Watch this video from Be Amazed for more homemade weapons!
You don’t always need firearms to feel safe. These homemade weapons are fine for home protection but you have to be extra careful in making these—especially when you are testing them. You can also use these homemade weapons for your outdoor survival trips. Remember these weapons are still dangerous even if they are homemade.
Do you know how to make homemade weapons? Tell us what you know by writing a comment below!
Up Next: Homemade Weapons To Awaken Your Inner Caveman
If you’re looking for useful survival gear you can’t make at home, check out the Survival Life Store!
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Editor’s Note – This post was originally published on March 19, 2017 and has been updated for quality and relevancy.