Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild

Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


Knowing how to find and where to find water sources is one of the most crucial wilderness survival skills. Failure to find water has massive and compounding effects on both your physical and mental health. In fact, your body is in a constant state of losing water, regardless of the outside temperature. If you find yourself in a survival situation, finding water must be one of your top priorities. We’ve compiled a list of the 7 easiest and best places to find water. Looking for these sources is a skill you can add to your wilderness survival guide.

Wilderness Survival Skills | Water Sources Outdoors

 

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Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild

 

1. Rain

Rain | Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


Finding water to drink is one of the most basic survival skills one must learn. Rain is the quickest access to a clean water source. Unfortunately, it’s also unpredictable. It’s the simplest and safest water source outdoors because it has the lowest risk of bacterial infection. You can use bottles, cans, tarps and rain jackets to collect water.

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Boiling is always the best option for drinking any non-treated water source, but if you’re forced into a situation where it’s not an option, rainwater is the safest, untreated bet.

2. Rivers, Lakes, Streams

Rivers, Lakes, Streams | Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


Rivers, lakes, streams, or any other body of water will be one of the most obvious sources of water in the wild. Look for clear flowing water to ensure bacteria hasn’t built up. Follow game trails and look for flying birds in the early morning and early evening, as they will typically fly towards bodies of water. Lakes and streams are also a great spot to build a shelter outdoors.

While these may be the most common sources of water, they’re also the most susceptible to contamination. Never drink from these sources without filtering, treating, or boiling it first. With the right survival kit, you’ll be able to do what’s necessary to make the water from these sources safer to drink.

3. Morning Dew

Morning Dew | Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


You can collect water from morning dew by tying a clean absorbent cloth or tufts of fine grass around your ankles and walk before sunrise through tall grass or meadows. Remember to avoid poisonous plants along the way. Avoid areas like farms or ranches which may be heavily treated with pesticides.

Collect the water from the cloth by squeezing it into a container. You’ll have to do this quite often if you want to collect enough water to last throughout the day. These primitive skills are a great option for areas where there’s not much rainfall.

4. Fruits and Vegetation

Fruits and Vegetation | Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


Fruits, vegetables, and plants contain lots of water. For example, coconut is such an excellent source of hydration, which is considered a survival food and Mother Nature’s Gatorade. You can use this method of collecting food for water when you’re trying to survive in a tropical environment.

It helps if you learn more about the edible plants and fruits around your area and know exactly how to prepare them for food consumption. Some plants, while full of water, can also cause massive intestinal issues.

5. Plant Transpiration

Plant Transpiration | Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


Transpiration happens when the moisture is carried from the plants’ roots to the underside of its leaves. Tying a plastic bag around a whole branch of leaves will trap water and let it fall into your collecting bag or canister. The trapped water vapor will then turn into moisture, thus giving you clean and crisp water. Again, be cautious and avoid collecting water from poisonous plants such as poison ivy, oak, or sumac. If you’re lucky, you may be able to spot some wild edibles nearby.

 

 

6. Digging a Solar Still

Digging A Solar Still | Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


Since there is moisture underground, digging your way to the water source is clever — but takes time. You can gather up to 5 liters of water per day using a still.

Here’s another basic survival skill for collecting water. Dig a hole measuring 3ft by 2ft, then dig a smaller hole where your canister can fit easily. Place the plastic and keep it in place with some rocks. After that, place a small rock or weight in the middle of the plastic to create an inverted cone over the container to collect water.

7. Tree Forks or Rock Crevices

Tree Forks or Rock Crevices | Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild


Tree forks or rock crevices in the woods might not be the most plentiful source of water, but they’re better than going without any water at all. The forks of tree limbs or rock crevices can collect a small amount of water due to their concave shape. Use clean clothing like a sock or bandana to soak the moisture or water in and wring it out.

 

Watch this video from WatchMojo.com for some more wilderness survival skills you need to know:

There are lots of wilderness survival skills to help you find a water source in the wild; you just have to know where to look. The ability to find water outdoors is an essential wilderness survival skills you need to master. After finding a water source, knowing how to purify the water you’ve collected is the second most important skill to have. Remember, you’re not the only one looking for water out there. Always boil or treat water when you get the chance! Never drink from an untrusted source — you never know what’s around the bend.

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Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild

What’s the most important wilderness survival skill for you? Share your thoughts in the comments section below!

Up Next: 7 Native American Survival Skills

Check out Wilderness Survival Skills | 7 Unique Ways To Find Water In The Wild at https://survivallife.com/wilderness-survival-skills-find-water/

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Editor’s Note – This post was originally published on November 7, 2017, and has been updated for quality and relevancy.

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8 Ways to Generate Electricity at Home | Survival Life

8 Ways to Generate Electricity at Home | Survival Life


Want to learn the different ways to generate electricity at home in case SHTF, and you can no longer rely on the power grid? If so, then you’re one of the smart ones! So, how can you generate electricity? Read on to learn the eight ways to generate electricity at home from energy expert Robert Brenner.

Great Ways to Generate Electricity When SHTF

Based on the book: Power Out! How to Prepare for and Survive a Grid Collapse)

Harnessing Power from the Earth

Native American Indians believe the earth is alive and pulsing with energy. Scientists found that the earth does indeed resonate (at a frequency of 7.8 Hz). Our brain resonates at the same frequency, and when people become “tuned” with nature, many become healthier and actually heal from ailments. This suggests that “earthing”—connecting your body to the ground may have merit. Are people healthier when their bare feet touch solid ground or fingers touch plants and trees growing in the soil? Perhaps life is related to the energy that flows in the earth and in our bodies. It is such a marvelous symbiotic relationship.

Nikola Tesla also believed the earth has energy. His work in 1909 showed the earth resonated with energy. However, it wasn’t until 1952 when a German physicist, W. O. Schumann actually measured its 7.8 Hz base frequency. Tesla wanted to produce free electricity using the invisible energy in electromagnetic fields. He joined others seeking ways to produce electricity from the energy that is all around us.

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Today, we recognize eight technologies that can be used to produce electricity—chemical, solar, fuel-driven generators, steam turbines, hydroelectric, wind, thermal, and EMF. This article will introduce you to each.

 

1. Chemical Sources of Electricity

Storage batteries are popular for producing electricity. They have been around for years generating electricity, and the technology is consistently improving. The chemical interaction between battery cells and electrolyte produces a voltage that can drive current through a connected device. Battery power can energize lighting, drive small motors, pump water, and even provide electricity to an entire home. This one good source of electric power for off-grid living.

Batteries are sold in multiple capacities—2V, 6V, 8V, 12V, 24V, 36V, 48V, 72V—and are constructed in various shapes using materials such as manganese-dioxide-zinc-nickel, carbon-zinc, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride, and lithium. Batteries can be made of dry cells, wet cells or gelatin oozing sludge and be single-use or rechargeable depending on the application. Homeowners typically use dry cells for flashlights and small electrical devices, and wet cells for driving inverters to produce AC power. A special battery is the fuel cell. It converts chemical energy from the oxidation of a fuel into electric DC energy.

You can even build small voltage, low current batteries to light LEDs or operate MP3 players, and they are fun to make. Check out the lemon battery, potato battery, bleach battery, earth battery, and crystal diode. These typically generate 0.6 to 1.9 volts and 0.58mA to 0.95 mA. The earth battery can produce 12-14 volts and 200mA of current. You are never without a way to generate battery power.

2. Solar Power

By placing a panel or module covered with solar cells in direct sunlight, photon energy can be converted into DC voltages between 1V and 46V with current from 20mA up to 9 amps depending on the module. An array of solar modules can be applied to a high voltage inverter to produce AC that can be tied to the local electrical grid. A smaller solar panel can charge a landscape light or drive a DC motor or lamp.

Solar panels can charge a whole bank of batteries. Then at night, the batteries can provide power to the home. Some solar homeowners have added a transfer switch and a battery bank, so they don’t have to be without electrical power when the solar panels are not active.

Several new inverter products can convert solar energy into electrical grid AC with a grid power-out feature. It allows the homeowner to draw solar DC through a transfer switch in the inverter and provide up to 1500 watts of AC. This lets the homeowner continue to use solar power as long as the sun is shining while the grid is down. Solar power is one of the greatest sources of renewable energy.

3. Wind Power

Moving wind can cause a propeller to rotate and turn a generator shaft producing electrical energy. Harnessing the energy in the wind is like harnessing the photons in a solar array to produce electricity. Like solar, wind energy is available and one of the best renewable sources. You can install home wind generators that typically create 400-800 watts for charging 12V batteries.

New bladeless wind turbines operate without large rotating propellers endangering passing birds. The wind can be put to good use to generate electrical power.

4. Water Power

Moving water has performed useful work for thousands of years. It can move great objects, turn wheels that process grain, pump water uphill, and rotate turbines to generate electricity.

You can create your own electrical power using flowing water that turns a turbine or propeller shaft with a generator attached. It converts water action to electricity. If you have moving water on your property, consider a simple hydroelectric generator. They produce about 100W of power 24/7 and can charge a bank of batteries for your home.

Small voltage hydroelectric power also includes a submersible propeller generator you can place in fast water environments and a submersible sailing boat turbine generator which produces DC.

A related technology is the Tesla turbine. It uses closely-spaced disks that rotate when fluid or gas enters and exits. Holes in the disks cause a connected shaft to rotate providing kinetic energy to a generator or alternator creating DC or AC electricity. The shaft must rotate at 16,800 RPM to produce 12V DC, so it can be noisy.

5. Fuel-Based Generators

Fuel-based generators produce AC, although many units have a DC output available for charging batteries. You can use them as independent standby power sources during emergency conditions.

Standalone gasoline, diesel fuel, natural gas, or propane (LP gas) generators convert burning fuel into AC electrical power. A stationary generator can produce up to 200 kW of AC. For example, I have a 15kW stationary generator that runs on propane and backs up the utility grid power to my home. This generator provides power to my whole house if the local grid fail. Portable generators can produce 140W up to 30,000 watts of power. I also have a portable 2,000-watt gas-driven generator that provides up to 13.7 amps of 120V AC. The gas tank is good for 5 to 9 hours of operation before refill. It’s been a reliable power source for camping and even for energizing field lights during school activities.

6. Steam Power

A steam power generation system uses fuel such as wood, coal, gas, wood gasification, or nuclear energy to heat a liquid in a boiler producing high-pressure steam. This steam passes through a turbine rotating an attached generator that produces electricity. Many power plants today that uses geothermal energy function on this principle. Steam power is an excellent source of renewable energy.

While steam engines were common in the 1800s, only small demonstration steam power generators are currently available for the home user. They can produce 10V to 15V of DC power for charging a 12V battery.

7. Thermoelectric Power

A thermocouple or thermoelectric module can convert heat to DC voltage which you can use to charge a battery or bank of batteries. The Stirling engine also runs on heat. It produces DC power based on heat applied to a cylinder containing a movable piston. And Nitinol wire can become a heat engine that uses the temperature difference between the same wire immersed in two tanks of water to turn a generator and create electricity. These all produce low voltage and current, but enough energy to charge a wet-cell battery.

8. Invisible EMF Power

This is an up-and-coming technology, although the concept has been around since Nikola Tesla conducted his first experiments to transmit electricity without wires.Tesla’s experiments included energizing light bulbs spaced out from a power source without connecting wires. After Tesla died, no serious research and experiments followed until recently. Now Tesla coils can cause wireless light bulbs to glow in your hand and high voltage electrical sparks to fill the room.

We are just beginning to exploit this technology. Products are now available that use invisible EMF energy to charge mobile phones. Perhaps soon we’ll be able to harness WiFi energy to create electricity that can drive appliances and even vehicles.

 

When STHF, we need to find other sources of electrical energy to increase our chances of survival. Watch this video from Alltime10s and find out the new yet somewhat weird ways to harness energy!

The earth is a giant source of energy, both renewable and non-renewable,—ready at our disposal. Thanks to the work of Weber, Faraday, Maxwell, Hertz, Edison, and Tesla, we have electrical power to make our lives easier and more comfortable. As technology developed, some of the innovations from those days were neglected. Today, those technologies are being revisited, refined, and reintroduced, giving us multiple ways to generate electricity at home.

Know other ways to generate electricity at home? Tell us about it in the comment section below! 

Up Next: DIY Solar Power Projects

Check out 8 Ways To Generate Electricity At Home at https://survivallife.com/8-ways-to-generate-electricity/

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Editor’s Note – This post was originally published on July 24, 2015 and has been updated for quality and relevancy.

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11 Weird Ways to Start Fires

11 Weird Ways to Start Fires


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Sometimes it’s hard to know how to start a fire. Perhaps you’re out of matches, or maybe the weather is horrendous. Sure, there are plenty of smart, easy ways to start fires, but why be conventional? Over the years, generations of fire starters have figured out some pretty weird ways to start fires. Are they all practical? No. Are they all awesome? Yes.

If you’re looking for more conventional ways to get a fire going, check out this article. Or check out this article for how to make the perfect campfire every time.

Fresnel Lens

Fresnel lenses are all around you, but you might not know it. It is a kind of glass used to magnify light and can be found in some rear-view mirrors. However, the most common place you’ll find one is in any old, large television. Modern LCD and plasma TVs of the last few decades are more advanced in their technology, but older projection sets commonly include a Fresnel lens. Simply remove the lens, and use it as a magnifying glass to create a death ray of fire starting awesomeness.

Condom Fire Starter

Condoms can literally be used to make fires. In fact, this is merely a bizarre variation on the aqua lens. For anyone unfamiliar with this group of improvised fire starters, any clear container filled with water can be used as a magnifying glass, focusing the sun’s rays on your tinder. Condoms (balloons as well) happen to be surprisingly good at this. Just fill the condom with water, and hold it at an angle to best concentrate sunlight. With any luck, you’ll have a fire going in no time.

A Light Bulb

Another unexpectedly effective aqua lens for fire starting is the humble light bulb. Snap off the end of the bulb, and remove the contents. Then, fill it with water and use it just like the condom above.

Ice

In one final twist on the aqua lens, try using a large chunk of ice. As with the previous two methods, angle the ice in a way that concentrates light on your tinder. This method is pretty hard to pull off though, so you’ll need some patience. You’ll also need gloves. Otherwise, your fingers will freeze long before the fire gets going. To see this fire starting method in action, check out the video below.

Dead Lighter and Paper

Think that old Bic has reached the end of its life? Not so fast! First, you’ll need a smooth surface to work with. Place a piece of paper flat on the surface, and remove the safety lock from a dead lighter. Then, roll the lighter slowly but firmly over the paper. As you do this, the flint rod inside the lighter will get ground down by the wheel, creating little shavings that you can collect and use.

Flashlight

Perhaps more useful than most of the ways to start fires on this list, a flashlight can be an excellent choice. This method relies on the same reflective cone used inside the flashlight to magnify its light. Remove the front of the flashlight, and pull out the shiny cone behind the globe. Then, pack the hole at the end of the cone with tinder, and point it towards the sun. On a sunny day, it’s not too hard to get the tinder to light. To see how, watch the video below.

Guitar pick

This method really rocks, if you’re not too picky (please excuse the puns). A guitar pick can be shredded into tinder, and easily ignited with a flint. To see how in detail, check out this article.

Clothes Dryer Lint

This method is inadvertently used by thousands of unlucky households each year. In fact, around 20,000 house fires are started annually across the country due to clothes dryers. In most cases, the cause is lint, which is surprisingly combustible. Lint is especially flammable when it comes into contact with metal, such as the wire in bras. So if you need to start a fire and only have laundry to work with, just pack the dryer full of lint and bras, turn it to full heat and watch. You’ll have a fire going in no time, but good luck controlling it.

Brake Fluid and Chlorine

This method is somewhat dangerous, but it works ridiculously well. Powdered chlorine will ignite almost immediately if doused in brake fluid; so if you want to know how to start a fire quickly, then this is it. Just made a small pile of chlorine powder, squirt it with brake fluid, and keep your distance. Once you’ve got some smoke going, add kindling and watch your chemical fire burn. I wouldn’t use this for cooking, as the chemicals aren’t recommended for consumption. Also, make sure you wear protective goggles and gloves, because both brake fluid and chlorine are pretty toxic. See this method in action in the video below.

Car Battery and Pencil

Car batteries are obviously packed with energy, and thus make for a simple – albeit dangerous – way to get a fire going. In this unorthodox method, you’ll just need a pencil, a car battery, and some jumper cables. Cut the pencil in half to expose the graphite within, and attach the jumper cables to either end. Then, connect the cables to the car battery, and watch as the graphite glows red hot. The pencil’s outer wooden jacket should quickly catch fire and can be supplemented with tinder and kindling. Be extremely careful of the heat generated by this method, and be sure to wear protective equipment.

Galaxy Note 7 Smartphone

Yes, this one is just a joke; after all, who would want a Galaxy Note?

In all seriousness though, Samsung’s recall of the Galaxy Note 7 illustrated the power of lithium phone batteries to start fires. To try for yourself, simply remove the battery from a cellphone, and touch the battery’s positive and negative contact points with steel wool. This will create sparks that can be used to get tinder smoldering. See for yourself in the video below.

So there you have it! Out list of 11 super weird and wacky ways to start fires.

Do you know if any other crazy fire-starting techniques? Let us know in the comments below!

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25 Ways to Get Clean Drinking Water in an Emergency

25 Ways to Get Clean Drinking Water in an Emergency


If you love the outdoors or you have gone on a trip in the wilderness you know how fast you could gulp down a bottle of water. It can be the intense heat of the sun beating down on you or you’re sweating profusely from all the rigorous activities that your body has been through. What if you run out of water in the middle of nowhere? You may come across a body of water but you’re not too sure about it being clean unless you’re an extreme survivalist. You wouldn’t want to end up with diarrhea or stomach problems, would you? Whether you’re outdoors or at home, being able to get clean drinking water in an emergency is vital to quench your thirst and survive.

The following list will show you’re a number of ways to get clean drinking water should you find yourself in a pinch.

  • Rainwater

    – This can be the most basic substitute next to having a direct source of potable drinking water. You can collect them in rain barrels attached to the downspouts from your roof. The need for straining, filtering and purifying is still needed prior to consumption.

  • Hot Seat

    – The tank of your toilet seat that has a removable lid, more often than not, can be a good source of drinkable clean water. Since it comes directly from your tap then it may be good to drink. However, that would depend on the age of your toilet.

  • Water Heater Tanks

    – You will not have to boil the water taken from these tanks as it has already done that for you. Just make sure you turn off the gas or electricity before unplugging the drain at the bottom of the tank.

  • The SODIS Way

    –  SODIS or solar ultraviolet water disinfection utilizes solar energy(UV-radiation) to purify water to rid it from diarrhea-causing pathogens and other harmful microorganisms. All you need is a clear water bottle or a plastic water bag, sunlight and a short waiting time.

  • Boiling It in a Pot

    – Pour the water through a coffee filter or a piece of cloth to rid it of visible debris and dirt. Heat up the water until it starts to boil. If you have a thermometer it is best that the water temperature reaches a boiling point of 212° F or 100° C to kill all pathogens.

  • Soil/Sand Filter

    – Without the latest technology water filters, one has to go back to the basics. Using a clean empty container, place a shirt or piece of cloth over it then fill it with sand or soil which will act as your filter. Other than removing sediments and particles, there is no assurance on the presence of bacteria.

  • Use a Solar Still

    – Just by digging a 3 feet deep hole into a ground, and using a wide plastic container you’ll be good to go. It may take some time but if you really don’t have any other option then waiting for your drink can be far off better than ingesting potentially harmful water.

  • Evaporation Distillation Method

    – You can even turn salt water into drinking water through different methods. It may require a bit more energy and more complex tools. However, it may be worth the wait especially if you’re located near the beach or floating aimlessly on a boat in the ocean.

  • Filtrating Through Moss

    – Moss absorbs moisture and can give you a quick sip if water can’t be found anywhere else. The web-like structure of moss also helps sift visible dirt and debris. But this doesn’t ensure the that the water you take out of moss is 100% purified.

  • DIY Pocket Water Filter

    – A small tube-like piece of material like bamboo can be used as your base. Fill it with moss, then charcoal, then moss again in respective order. Top it with the top end of a plastic bottle sealed with pine pitch will give you an instant water filter.

  • A DIY Water Filter

    – With the use of ordinary day to day items such as a  gallon bucket and a little bit of patience you can have your own filtration system when out in the wild. Adding bleach or chlorine will give you safe drinking water to end your hydration worries.

  • Purify a la Pool Shock

    – Also known as Calcium Hypochlorite which can be a substitute for bleach in purifying water. It has a very long shelf life, occupies very little space for storage, very cheap and most of all is readily available almost everywhere.

  • Fire It Up System

    – With the use of 2 metals drum, a sheet of metal sheet and a fire you can get distilled water for drinking. Place a fire at the bottom of the drum with bad water then arrange the metal sheet in a curve-like manner in an angle where it will drip steam into the catch drum.

  • Bleach Your Way Out Of It

    – You can disinfect a gallon of water with just 16 drops of chlorine bleach or a quarter with just 4 drops. This does not substitute the boiling method though. Don’t forget to filter the water from sediments and debris.

  • Through Hydrogen Peroxide Purification

    – This household ingredient has that capacity to purify water like that of chlorine and bleach. You will have to treat the water with twice the amount than that of chlorine or bleach. Shake or stir then let it sit for half an hour. There should be a slight peroxide odor after that. Otherwise, it may not have done a significant purification effect.

  • Iodine Tablets

    – Filtering the water from sediments is still needed since all that these little wonders can do is purify your water. 1 small tablet can purify up to a liter of water. Drop it in, give it a little shake and let it stand for 30 minutes before drinking.

  • Potassium Permanganate Purification

    – KMNO4 or more commonly called Condy’s crystals is a water softener that is sold in pill or powder form. 1g or 3 to 4 crystals can purify a liter of water.

  • Combo System

    – A combination of all the basic ways to get clean water would ensure it is indeed safe to drink. Filtering, distilling, chlorinating/disinfecting water from different water sources will give you peace of mind that you’re drinking safe water.

  • Hydration Backpack System

    – You can fill the Geigerrig pack with water taken from lakes, rivers, creeks, and streams to name a few and then attach the filter. You’ll be drinking clean drinking water even on the go in no time.

  • The Berkey Light Purification Device

    – This lightweight, shatter-resistant purifier needs no electricity and is capable of filtering 4 to 8 gallons of the murkiest water. Getting clean water has never been this safe because it’s more than “just another water filter…”

  • Sucking It Up System

    – You will have to embrace the suck on this one as you will surely be sucking it up since your life will surely depend on it. All it takes for you is to pop, dip and suck then you’re good to go. This little compact tool is called the Lifestraw and it weighs only about 2 oz. you will not have to worry about a worry about bringing a bottle anymore.

  • SteriPEN It

    – This revolutionary handheld water purifier is tested and certified by the WQA against US EPA Microbiological Water Purifier Standard. It uses UV light to make your water safe to drink. You will have to filter the water from dirt and debris though as it just sterilizes your water.

  • Sweetwater Purifier System

    – With an easy-to-use lever action pump handle that can provide 1 Liter of drinkable water per minute. This system weighs only 14 oz. and can be easily stored and pack in your bag.

  • Katadyn Water Filtration System

    – This mini filter can produce one to two quarts per minute depending on the mode applied. Depending on the quality of the water source the cartridge can give up to 500 gallons of water.

  • DIY Water Storage

    – Preparation for long-term is also a must. Carefully clean containers to be used for water storage, sanitize and label according to date filled, store in a cool dark place and then rotate container every six months to a year.

  • There are a lot of other ways or methods as well as tools and equipment that one can put into good use to get clean drinking water in the event of an emergency. Making sure of the unsure should the situation call for it is the most basic survival tool that any survivalist must utilize.  You are sure to survive longer or even get through an emergency situation if you master the basic techniques above.





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